It is the largest fort of its kind in the region and in the world It issituated in the of the Kirthar Range about 30 km southwest of Sann,Jamshoro district of Sindh, approximately 90 km north of Hyderabad, inPakistan. It has an approximate diameter of 9 km.Its walls are on the average 6meters high and are made of gypsum and lime cut sandstone and its totalcircumference is about 29 km of which 8 km walls are man-made. While originally constructed for bow and arrow warfare itwas later expanded to withstand firearms
A visit to Quetta is incomplete without a trip to Ziarat. Situated 133 kilometers (3 hours by car) from Quetta at an altitude of 2449 metres above sea level, Ziarat is a holiday resort amidst one of the largest and oldest Juniper forests in the world. It is said that some of the Juniper trees are as old as 5000 years. The name Ziarat means ‘Shrine’. A local saint, Kharwari Baba, is believed to have rested in the valley and blessed it. After his death he was buried here. People frequently visit the saint’s shrine, which is 10 kilometers from Ziarat. Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation has a Motel Complex with 18 comfortable rooms and cottages. Accommodation can be booked from the PTDC Offices in Quetta.The apple grown in the orchards, particularly the black and red kulu variety are delicious.
A little short of the place where the Urak Valley begins and 10 kilometers from Quetta is the Hanna Lake, where suitable rest rooms and pavilions on terraces have been provided. Golden fish in the lake comes swimming right upto the edge of the lake. A little distance away, the waters of the lake take on a greenish blue tint. Right where the water ends, have been planted pine trees on the grass filled slopes. The greenish-blue waters of the lake provide a rich contrast to the sandy brown of the hills in the background. One can promenade on the terraces. Wagon service operates from city bus station at Circular Road. The transport can be hired through the Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation (PTDC) Tourist Information Centre, Muslim Hotel, Jinnah Road Quetta.
Shab-e-Barat: Religious festival celebrated on 14th of Shaaban, the 8th Islamic month
Eid-ul-Fitr: Religious festival celebrating end of fasting month on 1st of Shawwal,
Pakistan Day: celebrated on 23 March Commemorating the anniversary of Pakistan Resolution passed by the Muslims on March 23, 1940.
Mela Chiraghan celebrated for 01 week outside Shalimar Garden, Lahore. Last week of March
Eid-ul-Azha: Religious festival commemorating the great sacrifice offered by Prophet Ibrahim. Celebrated on 10 Zilhaj
May Day: Labour Day 01 May
Ashura…on 9th and 10th of Moharram
Eid-e-Miland-un-Nabi: on 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal
Independence day: on 14 August
Defence Day: 06 September
Airforce Day: 07 September
Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam, 11 September
Allama Mohammad IqbalDay… 09 November
Christmas and Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam* 25 December.
BASANT in March
In March 1929 ,at the annual session of All india Muslim league,he declared his famous fourteen points.
The form of the future constitution should be federal with the residuary powers rested in the provinces.
A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.
3.Representation of Minorities
All legislative in the country and other elected bodies shall be constituted on the definite principles of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority in any province to a minority or even equality.
4.Number of Muslim Representative
In the central legislative ,Muslims representative shall be not less than one -third.
Representative of communal groups shall continue to be by means of separate electorates as at present provided it shall be open to any community,at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favour of joint electorate.
6.Muslim Majority Provinces
Any territorial re-distribution that might at any time be necessary shall not in any way,effect the Muslim majority in Punjab,Bengal and N.W.F.P.
Full religious Liberty,liberty of belief,worship and observance,association and education shall be guaranted to all the communication.
No bill or resolution shall be passed in any legislative or any other elected body if three-fourths of the members of any community in that particular body oppose such a bill.
9.Separation of Sind
Sind should be separated from Bombay Presidency.
10.Introduction of Reforms in N.W.F.P and Baluchistan
Reforms should be introduced in the North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan on the same footing as in other provinces.
Muslims should be given adequate share along with other Indians in the services of State.
12.Protection of Muslim’s culture and Language
The constitution should embody adequate safeguard for the protection of Muslim culture,language,religion and civilization.
13.One-Third Muslim Ministers
No cabinet,either central or provincial be formed.Without being a proportion of at least one-third Muslim Ministers.
No change shall be made in the constitution of state except with the concurrence of State constituting the Indian Federation.
Motilal Nehru Presented Nehru report in 1928
The committee worked for three months at Allahabad and its memorandum was called the “Nehru Report”.
The Nehru Report recommended that a Declaration of Rights should be inserted in the constitution assuring the fullest liberty on conscience and religion.
The following are the recommendations advanced by the Nehru Report:
1. India should be given the status of a Dominion on a unitary basis with parliamentary powers of seat.
2. Residuary powers should vested in the center.
3. India should have a parliamentary form of government headed by Prime Minister and six ministers appointed by Governor General.
4. There should be no separate electorate or weightage for minorities.
5. Reservation of Muslim seats could be possible in the provinces where Muslim population was at least 10%, but this was to be in strict proportion to the size of the community.
6. Muslims should enjoy one fourth representation in the Central Legislature.
7. The N.W.F.P. should be given full provincial status and Sind should be taken away from Bombay and made a separate province.
8. A new Canarese-Speaking province “Karnatak” be established in South India.
9. Hindi should be made the official language of India.
The recommendations of the Nehru Report went against the interest of the Muslim community.
It was an attempt to serve Hindu predominance over Muslims.
A Muslim member of the Nehru Committee, Shoaib Qureshi disagreed with the proposals, but his pleadings were simply rejected.
The State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir has a parliamentary form of Government. The President is the constitutional head of the State, while the Prime Minister, supported by a Council of Ministers, is the Chief Executive. The democratic setup was introduced in 1970 under the presidential system on the basis of adult franchise. For the first time the people of AJ&K and the refugees of Jammu and Kashmir settled in Pakistan elected the Legislative Assembly as well as President for Azad Jammu and Kashmir on the basis of adult franchise. In 1975, for the first time in the history of AJ&K, parliamentary system was introduced and Prime Minister, as the Chief Executive of the State, was elected by the majority of the votes of the Legislative Assembly.
Legislative Assembly comprises of 49 members out of which 41 are directly elected and 8 are indirectly elected. This Assembly comprises of 49 members and the distribution of seats is as under:
|Azad Jammu & Kashmir||29|
|Refugees settled in Pakistan||12|
|Ulama and Mashaikh||01|
The State has its own Supreme Court and a High Court.The Ministry of Kashmir affairs and Gilgit Baltistan affairs serves as a link between the Government of Pakistan and the Government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Since The State inherited a backward and underdeveloped economy, the major objective of the Pakistani Government has been to promote its economic development and provide it with grants-in-aid for the purpose, and also to cover the deficits in its revenue budget.
PRIME MINISTER OF AJK
Chaudhry Abdul Majid , elected as Leader of House Legislative Assembly of Azad Jammu and Kashmir on 26th July 2013.
Father’s Name:Ch. Lal Khan
Marital Status: Married
Education: B.A L.L.B
Party Affiliation: President Pakistan Peoples Party
Elected Sixth time as Member Legislative Assembly of Azad Jammu & Kashmir and he has served as Minister for revenue & agriculture Azad Govt. of state of Jammu and kashmir. Served as Speaker Legislative Assembly of Azad Jammu & Kashmir from 1998 to 2001,Opposition leader from 4th Feburary 2013 to 26th July 2013.
• National anthem of Pak: was played for first time on 13th August, 1954 in front of Raza Shah Pahlavi of Iran.
• Plan of division of Indo-Pak: announced on 3rd June, 1947.
• Population of Pak: at it birth was 32 million.
• First head of state to visit Pak: in 1947 was Ameer of Kuwait.
• First president to visit was of Indonesia.
• First opposition party of Pak: Jinnah Awami league it was founded by Abudl hameed Bhashwani in 1950.
• Area of Pakistan 796,096 sq: km.
• National anthem written by Hafiz Jalundri in Charage Sahar in Sinf of Makhmas.
• Music composed by Ahmed Ali Chagla.
• Flag of Pakistan designed by Ameeruding Qadwani.
• Ch: Kahliquzaman became president of ML after Quaid.
• Ayub khan laid down foundation stone of Quaid’s Mosulem.
• Which airline helped movement of 35000 people from Pakistan to India between Oct. 20 to Nov. 30, 1947? (The same airline also moved 7000 Muslim Govt. officials and the families from Delhi to Pakistan). British Overseas Airways Corporation
• Pakistan’s share 700 million was actually paid.
• Unanimously elected Quaid as President of the Pakistan’s first Constituent Assembly on Aug. 11, 1947
• 27th August, 1947: Pakistan admitted as Member of the Food and Agriculture Organization of UN
• U.S. embassy in Karachi was established August 15, 1947
• The first US ambassador to Pakistan, Paul H. Alling, was appointed on September 20, 1947.
• Who was the British Prime Minister at the time of the partition of India? Attlee
• When was it announced by that June 1948 had been determined as the date of withdrawal of British power from India? Feb. 20, 1947
• Secretary of State for India in 1947: Lord Listowel
• Viceroy of India from 1943 to 1947: Lord Wavell
• Mountbatten arrive in Delhi: March 22, 1947
• Jinnah meet Lord Mountbatten first time: April 5, 1947
• When did Lord Mountbatten announced the partition plan? June 3, 1947
• Mountbatten address the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan? 14th August, 1947
• Indian Independence Bill moved in the British Parliament? July 4, 1947
• Time of creation of Pakistan12 a.m. at the night between 14th and 15th August, 1947?
• Who first time announced in English “This is Pakistan Broadcasting Service” at the time of creation of Pakistan? Mr. Zahoor Azar
• Who first time announced in Urdu “This is Pakistan Broadcasting Service” at the time of creation of Pakistan? Ghulam Mustafa Hamdani
• Egypt announced its recognition of Pakistan 16th August, 1947
• Pakistan applied for membership of UNO: 16th August, 1947
• What is the estimated number of people who migrated on partition of India in 1947? 8,500,000 (dubbed as “largest migration in history” by Information office Delhi)
• When did the Pakistan Assembly pass the resolution for changing the name of West Punjab to Punjab? 07-01-1948
• When was it announced that Jinnah would be the Governor General of Pakistan? July 10, 1947
• The last Governor of the undivided Punjab? Sir Evan Jenkins
• What does RSS stand for? Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh
• Who was the Finance Minister in the first cabinet of the Dominion of Pakistan? Ghulam Muhammad
• When did Liaquat Ali Khan move in the Constituent Assembly that the title of “Quaid-e-Azam” be used for Jinnah in official correspondence? Aug. 12, 1947
• When was Jinnah’s name was read in Khutaba at the Pakistan colony mosque by the Sindh Education Minister Pir Illahi Bukhsh? Aug. 22, 1947
• when was it announced that Jinnah would act as Legal Guide to the Assembly in drafting the Constitution? Aug. 23, 1947
• When was the announcement made from Delhi for setting up a Constituent Assembly for Pakistan? July 26, 1947
• When did Jinnah reach Karachi to take part in the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly? Aug. 7, 1947
• 79 members in the first Constituent Assembly for Pakistan?
• When did Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah take oath as the first Governor General of Pakistan? Aug. 15, 1947
• Who administered the oath of M.A. Jinnah? Chief Justice of Lahore High Court, Justice Abdur Rasheed
• Who administered the oath of Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan? Muhammad Ali Jinnah
• What was the venue of the oath taking ceremony of Quaid-e-Azam and Liaquat Ali Khan? Karachi
• Sir Francis Maudi took oath as First Governor of West Punjab?
• Who took oath as the First Governor of East Bengal? Sir Frederick Bourne
• George Cunningham took oath as First Governor of N.W.F.P.
• Sheikh Ghulam Hussain oath as the First Governor of Sindh?
• Geoffrey Prior took oath as Chief Commissioner Baluchistan.
• Last Governor of the undivided Punjab? Sir Even Jenkins
• Who took oath as the Chief Minister of Sindh? MA Khuro
• Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot took oath as chief Minister of West Punjab
• Who was the first Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army? General Frank Walter Messervy, 15-08-1947 to 10-02-1948
• Who was the First Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Navy? Rear Admiral James Wilfred
• Who was the First Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Air Force? Air Marshal L. Parry Cane
• Hafiz Abdul Majeed was appointed as Chief Secretary, West Punjab on 18th August, 1947.
• Friday was declared as half working day: 22nd August, 1947
• Iran & Pakistan established diplomatic relations: 22nd August, 1947
• When was the Governor George Cunningham directed by the Government of Pakistan to dismiss the NWFP Congress Ministry headed by Khan Sahib? 22nd August, 1947
• Who was invited to form the NWFP Government after dismissal of the Congress Ministry headed by Khan Sahib? NWFP Muslim League head, Khan Abdul Qaiyum Khan
• First Pakistani documentary film was shown in the cinemas in Karachi on 30-08-1947. What was it about? Events from 2nd to 15th August, 1947
• On 2nd September, 1947 the first Pakistani film was released. What was its title? “Teri Yadd”
• Which actors played the lead roles in the first Pakistani film? Asha Bhonslay and Nasir Khan
• Who was appointed as Head of the Pakistani delegation to the UN? Mrs.Tasaddaq Hussain on 13th September, 1947
• Who was the first US ambassador to Pakistan? Paul H. Ealing (assumed charge on 23rd September, 1947)
• Which country sent 4750 tons rice for making up shortage of food in East Bengal on Sept. 19, 1947? Burma
• When was Karachi linked by air with all the provincial capitals? 6th October, 1947
• From which date Postage Stamps were made available in Post Offices? 6th October, 1947
• Who was appointed as the First Muslim Advocate General of the West Punjab? Sheikh Shabbir
• When was Pakistan admitted as member of the United Nations? 30th September, 1947
• Who was the Minister for Food and Agriculture in the first Cabinet of Pakistan? Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan
• Urdu restarted its publications from Karachi on October 15, 1947 as Pakistan’s First National daily in Urdu
• Who was appointed Pakistan’s ambassador to Iran? Qazi Issa
• Pakistan’s ambassador to USA? A. H. Isphahani
• Indian Dy. Prime Minister in its very first cabinet after partition? Sardar Patel
• the Secretary of the Indian Ministry of States? V.P. Menon
• Elections to First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan 1946.
• Pakistan’s constituent assembly made on July 20th, 1947.
• 69 members in the first constituent assembly of Pakistan.
• 10 members were later added to the constituent assembly.
• Quaid-e-Azam addressed to the constituent assembly for the first time on 11th August, 1947.
• Pakistan’s first cabinet was sworn in 15th August, 1947.
• Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar held the portfolion of Communications in the first cabinet of Pakistan.
• Besides being PM of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan held the portfolios of Defense and Commonwealth.
• First cabinet of Pakistan consisted of 7 members including Prime Minister.
• Besides PMship, Liaquat had portfolio of Defence and common wealth.
• Quaid had portfolio of State and Frontier region.
• Zafarullah Khan had Foreign Affairs.
• I.I.Chundrigar had Trade, Industry & Public Works.
• Malik Ghulam Mohad: had Finance.
• Raja Ghazanfar had Food, Agriculture and health.
• Abdul Rab Nishtar had communication.
• Fazal ur Rehman had Internal Affairs, Information & Education.
• Objective Resolution was presented in the Constituent Assembly on 7th Mrach 1949 by Liaquat Ali.
• Mountbatten addressed the constituent assembly of Pak: on 14th August, 1947.
• Constituent Assembly declared Urdu & Bengali as official languages on 3rd Jan: 1954.
• On 24th October, 1954, constituent assembly was dissolved by the governor general of Pakistan Mr. Ghulam Mohammad.
• Who amongst the following were the first to invade India? Arabs
• Real name of Mohammad-bin-qasims was Amadudin Mohammad (Pillar of Deen).
• Mohd: Bin Qasim was nephew and son-in-law of Hajjaj bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period). He came to Sindh with 12 thousand men.
• Mohd: bin Qasim conquered Sindh during Ummayads.
• Siskar was Waziir of Dahir.
• Mohd: bin Qasim tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman.
• The Abbasid governor Hisham came to Sindh in 757 A.D.
• Shabudding Ghori was the founder of Islamic State in India.
• Qutubudin Aibk was the founder of slave dynasty after Ghoris.
• Ghiyasuddin Tughluq was the first sultan of Tughluq dynasty.
• Aurangzeb reimposed ‘Jaziya’?
• Ibn Batutah visited India in reign of Muhammad-bin Tughluq
• Babur used artillery in warfare.
• Emperor Shahjahan= Khurram Shihab-ud-din
• Akbar prohibited the practice of Sati?
• Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s Dargah is located at Delhi.
• Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.
• Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’.
• Tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti is in Ajmer.
• Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur.
• Thatta was the capital city of Sindh during Argons and Turkans
• Mohd: bin Tughlaq introduced tokens currency firstly.
• Akbar the Great was born in Umar Kot.
• Shalamar Bagh was built by Shah Jahan (Shahabuddin Mohd: Shah Jahan) (also called Shahzada Khuram)
• Jahan Ara begum was the daughter of Shah Jahan
• Mehmood set out on Somnath on17 Oct: 1024 A.D.
• 1st battle of Tarrin was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri & Rajput (1191), Ghori was defeated. In 1192 A.D, the 2nd battle of Tarrin, Ghori wins.
• Ahmed Shah Abdali was the King of Kabul.
• Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Marhatas in 1761.
• Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaludding Afghani.
• Nadir Shah of Iran invaded Delhi during the period of Mohd: Shah Rangila (The Moughal Emperor).
• Original name of Tippu Sultan was Nawab Fateh Ali.
• 4th May 1799 was the day of Shahadat of Tippu Sultan.
• The original name of Sultan Siraj Doullah (the Nawab of Bengal) was Mirza Mohd:
• Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757 b/w Clive and Siraj-ud-Daula which established British rule in Bengal.
• Sindh was annexed by Birtish in 1847 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide India Act 1935.
• First war of freedom was fought in 1757 b/w Siraju Doullah and Rober Clive.
•Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi is known as Majaddid Alf Sani.
• Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564.
• Mausm Khan, soldier of Titu Mir was sentenced to death.
• Hajatullah al-Balaghah written by Shah Waliullah.
• Shah waliullah born in 1703. Shah Waliullah died in 1763.
• Shah Alam II was an ally of Mir Qasim in the Battle of Buxar.
• During Jehangir’s reign Sir Thomas Roe and Captain Hawkins visited Moghul court to secure commercial privileges.
• Real name of Shah Waliullah was Ahmed and his historical name was Azimuddin.
• Haji Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehriz in 1802. Farazi Tehriz meant to pay more attention on fundamental of Islam.
• Syed Ahmed of Rai Brelli (Oudh) was the founde of Jehad Tehrik against Sikhs. He was martyred at Balakot (NWF) in 1831.
• Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764.
• Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781( Faraizi Movement 1830-57) • The main aim of Brahma Samaj was Reform in Hinduism.
• Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded Brahma Samaj.
• Ani- Muslim Arya Samaj (1877) was founded by Dayanand Sirasoti. Arya Samaj was founded in 1875 (chk)
• In 1805, British made Sri Lanka a colony.
• British annexed NWFP in 1849.
• Wardha scheme written by Zakir Hussain.
• Sati was abolished by Lord William Bantink.
• First census in India made during the period of Lord Mayo.
• Moen-jo-DAro & Herapa discovered in 1922.
• Sir John Marshal ordered digging of Moen jo Daro in 1922.
• East India Company was formed in 1600 in London.
• In India French East India company was established in 1664.
• Raishmi Romal campaign started by Ubaidullah Sindhi before war of Independence.
• War of Independence started on 7th May, 1857 from Delhi.
• Lord Canning was the Governor General of India during Sepoy Mutiny.
• In India the first gate of enterance of Europeans was Bengal.
• At Meerath firstly the war of independence was fought.
• War of independence started on 9th May, 1857.
• The first Viceroy of the subcontinent was Lord Canning.
• Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858.
• Indian National Congress made by Allan O. Hume in 1885.
• First president of Congress was W.C. Benerjee.
• 72 members attended the first meeting of Congress at Bombay out of them only 2 were Muslims.
• Warren Hastings was the first Governor General of Bengal.
• Hindi-Urdu controversy started in 1867.
• Mohsin-ul-Mulk founded Urdu Defence Association.
• Syed Ahmed Khan born on 17th Oct: 1817 in Delhi & died March 241898 at Ali Gargh.
• Sir Syed is buried in Ali Garh Muslim University.
• Tahzibul Ikhelaque was published in 1870. (1867 chk)
• Asrar-us-Sanadeed was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
• Sir Syed wrote Loyal Mohammandan’s of India & Causes of Indian Revolt.
• Hayate-e-Javed is written by Maulana Hali about Sir Syed.
• In Indai English education was first initiated in Bengal in 1835.
• Shah Waliullah was born in Delhi.
• Madressah Rahimiya was established by Shah Abdul Rahim.
• Scientific society was established in 1863.
• Albert Bill was presented in 1883
• NWFP was separated from Punjab by the British in 1901, Lord Curzon was then the viceroy and GG of British India.
• Mohammadan Educational Conference was formed on 27 Dec: 1886 by Sir Syed.
• Muhammadan Literacy Society of Calcutta founded in 1860.
• “Indian Patriotic Association” was founded in 1861.
• Nidwatul Ulema (1884) was founded by Molvi Abdul Ghafoor Qasim Nativi. Nadvat-ul-Ulema was founded in 1894 and Maulvi Abdul Ghafoor was its founder.(chk)
• Darul-ul Deoband (1867) was founded by Mohd: Qasim Nanavatavi.
• MAO College founded on Jan: 8, 1877 and inaugurated by Governor General Lord Lyton.
• Present Sindhi alphabets made by Sir Barter Frere in 1883.
• Anjuman-e-himayat-Islam was founded in 1884.
• Sindh Madrasa built by Hassan Ali Afandi on 1st Sep: 1885.
• DJ (Diwan Dayaram Jethmal) Science College was opened by Governor of Bombay Lord Reay on 17th Jan: 1887.