Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
|Psychology including Exp. Psychology||
1.Philosophy (Total Marks – 200)
PAPER – I (Marks – 100)
• Formal and informal arguments: Elements of deductive reasoning; validity and truth: Proposition and syllogism.
• Definition with special reference to Aristotle, Ibn-e-Taimya’s Criticism of Aristotle; Relativity of definition: Ambiguity; vagueness and emotive use of language as impediments in clear thinking: Fallacies – formal, material and linguistic
• Symbolic Logic: value of special symbols, symbols for conjunction, Negation, Disjunction and Implication, Method of Deduction: Formal proofs of validity, Rules of Replacement.
• The nature of scientific theory: Scientific method; Inquiry at common sense level and scientific level; Scientific explanation; The grounds of belief: induction, probability and functional analysis.
• Muslim contribution to Logic – inductive and deductive
PAPER – II (Marks -100)
PHILOSOPHY – WESTERN AND ISLAMIC
• Idealism, Pragmatism, Vitalism Logical Positivism, Existentialism and Dialectical Materialism: The main arguments of these Philosophical theories and their impact on life and morals.
• Muslim Rationalists and Social Thinkers-Al-Farabi, Ibn-i-Sina, Ibn-i-Rushd, and Ibn-i-Khaldun: their main doctrines.
• Schools of Muslim Theology – Mutazilism, Ash’ arism, Sufism Al-Ghazali (his Ethics and Criticism of Muslim Rationalists)
• Muslim thought in South Asia with special reference to Shah Wali Ullah. Sayyid hmad Khan and Iqbal and Post-Iqbalian Thought.
2.Psychology Including Experimental Psychology (Marks – 200)
Paper – I (Marks-100)
1. Definition and scope of Psychology: Psychology as a science of behaviour, Schools and Systems of Psychology, Recent trends in Psychology.
2. Nervous System: Structure and functions of cells, Central and Peripheral Nervous System, Endocrine system
3. Learning: Conditioning – classical and operant Reinforcement, Avoidance conditioning, Extinction, Discrimination learning, imprinting, Theories of learning, Verbal learning, Probability learning, Concept leaning, Perceptual learning, Transfer and interference, Motivational factors in learning, Readiness and individual differences in learning
4. Nature of motives and emotions: Homeostasis, Biogenic and social Motives, Measurement of human motivation. Theories of motivation – Maslow, Lewin and Freud, Theories of emotion Role of endocrine glands, frustration and conflict.
5. Nature of perceptual organization Perception of distance, Movement, Space. Depth, colour, Perceptual constancy, Effect of learning and motivation on perception. Senses viz. vision hearing and other senses, Perception and sensation, Determinations of perception (Needs, attitudes, sets, values, personality traits, emotional states, suggestion etc.).
6. Nature and determinants of personality Factors in development of personality, Theories of personality, trait and types, Freudain, Neo Freudain, Murry, Allport, Cauel, Types of personality tests and their rationale.
7. Socialization: Society and personality, Formation of opinions and attitudes, Prejudice.
8. Structure and Functions of Group, Role status relations, Group norms, Group solidarity, Intergroup tension, International tension.
PAPER- II (Marks – 100)
1. Meaning, phases and characteristics of Growth, development and Maturation, Methods of developmental psychology, Biological and socio cultural factors, Importance of Developmental psychology, Broad approaches to the study of children.
2. Pre-natal development and infancy: Genetic Factors, Hereditary transmission and chromosomal abnormality, Stages. Developmental irregularities, Psychological and physical characteristics of the infant. Methods of studying infant behaviour.
3. Physical, motor and sensory development. Perceptual development, Intellectual development: Development of logical thought in early childhood. Development of concepts. Creativity. Emotional Development; patterns, characteristics. Some common emotional patterns.
4. Concept of abnormality popular and scientific. Goals of Clinical Diagnosis. Personality Assessments, Behavioural Assessment. Nature of Clinical Judgement. Sources of information in clinical diagosis, Assessments of organisations, institutions and environment, Professional issues, The nature of professional preparation for clinical psychological work, ethical standards and legal issues.
5. Therapies Somatic therapies, environmental therapies, psycho analytic, phenomenological, existential, Gestalt, rational – emotive and cognitive Therapies, Behaviour therapy and behaviour modification, Group therapies.
6. Intelligence: Its nature and assessment, Mental retardation.
7. Biological and sociological factors in maladjustments and crime, Juvenile delinquency, drug addiction, alcoholic and sex offences – characteristics causation and treatment.
8. Psychoneurotic disorders, Psychosis, Character disorders, Psychosomatic disorders.
9. Industry Nature of the work situations work, vocation, personality and society. Working environment. Works methods and modern approaches. Work efficiency. Group dynamics Work incentives, Job satisfaction
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Note: International Law CANNOT BE opted in combination with International Relations.
|Muslim Law & Jurisprudence||
1.Law (Total Marks – 200)
Paper I (Marks – 100)
Civil Procedure Code, Contract Act and Law of Torts.
Paper II (Marks – 100)
Qanun-e-Shahadat 1984, Code of Criminal Procedure and Panel Code.
2.Constitutional Law (Total Marks – 100)
Principles of Constitutional Law with special reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, Pakistan and India.
3.Mercantile Law (Total Marks – 100)
The main principles of law relating to Agreements; Contracts; Bailment; Pledge; Sale of Goods Act; Agency; Partnership Act; Indemnity and Guarantee; Negotiable Instruments Act; Companies Ordinance 1984; Contract Act; Life, Fire and Marine Insurances, Law of Arbitration
4.Muslim Law and Jurisprudence (Total Marks – 100)
1. The Islamic Law as administered in Pakistan
2. Principals of Islamic Jurisprudence
Candidates will be expected to show some familiarity with the original sources.
5.International Law (Total Marks – 100)
International Law: Public International Law, Important cases decided by the permanent court of International Justice, the International Court of Justice and U.N.O., Law of the Sea
6.Internationa Relations (Total Marks-100)
Part – A
1. The modern state system-history, basic features, evolving forms.
2. International Relations as a field of study, Basic Approaches- Power, Balance of Power, Imperialism, Nationalism.
3. Interaction between states-diplomacy, International Law, international economic and trade linkages-pressures in world politics.
Part – B
1. Evolution of the International System since 1815 (Congress of Vienna) Historical Overview.
2. World War III. Decolonization, Rise of the Third World Alliance System (NATO, SEATO. CENTO, WARSAW PACT) Peaceful coexistence: Non-Aligned Movement Theories of Peace and Security in Nuclear Age (Deterrence. Limited war. Crisis Management etc) Détente
Part – C
1. Foreign Policies of the Superpowers, major powers (USA. USSR. China) with special reference to South Asia (India. Pakistan, etc.).
2. Issues in global Politics.
• Nuclear Proliferation.
• Superpower rivalry in the Indian Ocean.
• International economic order.
• Regional Security issues and crises (Afghanistan Crises Iran-Iraq war, Palestine problem, Apartheid and South Africa, Namibia, Polish crises, Eurocommunism, Central American crises etc.)
• Arms Control and disarmament.
Group E (History Subjects)
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
|Islamic History & Culture||
|Indo Pak History||
|History of the USA||
Islamic History And Culture (Total Marks 200)
Humanity at the dawn of Islam
A brief survey of major world civilization, with special emphasis on their intellectual, humanistic and special institutions – their impact on world history.
Advent of Islam
Life and teachings of the Holy Prophet. Foundations of a new and revolutionary world order: Institutions of Islam; Political. Social, Economic and Legal Structure of the Islamic polity.
The Quran: Emphasis on the study of Nature and Research. Changes brought by Islam in human thinking and behaviour.
Foundation of Muslim State
Early conquests of the Khulfa-i-Rashidin; Administrative and legal structure of the State.
Political and Ideological differences and the emergence of the Ummayyads: Expansion and consolidation of the Empire.
The Grandeur of Islam
Philosophical, scientific and Literary Progress of the Muslims during the Abbasid period.
The Ottoman Caliphate
Turkish march towards Europe. Political structure of the Turkish Empire, salient features of their administration, decline and disintegration.
PAPER-II (Marks – 100)
Islam in Africa and Spain
Muslim achievements in Natural and Social Sciences:
Schools of Baghadad, Spain and Iran, Muslim contribution to History, Science. Medicine and other branches of human civilization.
Muslims’ contribution in architecture, music, painting, handicrafts, pottery, calligraphy, etc.
Renaissance and Reformation
Origin of this intellectual revolution; Contribution of’ Muslim Universities and Seminaries in Spain and Baghdad:
Dissemination of Muslim learning’s in the West.
Impact of Islam on Western thought, social institutions and economic policies.
History of Pakistan And India (Total Marks- 200)
PAPER – I (Marks-100)
712-1857 (Excluding arrival of European nations decline and fall of Muslim Rule)
Arrival of the Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim Rule – administrative system and reforms under the Sultans and the Mughals.
Structure of the Muslim society.
Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage. the Army. Financial administration, Zakat. Ushr. Kharaj etc.
Administration of Justice – Sufis and Ulema – the Madrassahs and Maktabs – Auqaf
Art and architecture. literature, sports, dress-Muslim contribution to scientific knowledge – Policy of the Muslim rules towards non-Muslims. The spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization.
PAPER – II (Marks-100)
Part A: 1857-1947
Arrival of European nations-decline and fall of Muslim Rule, contributions of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim – Hindu reform movements and anti-Muslim role of Hindu leaders.
Constitutional reforms of the British Government and growth of the Political Parties-Indian National Congress. All India Muslim league Partition of Bengal. Simla Deputation. Role of Nawab Mohsin-uI-MuIk. Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk.
Syed Ameer Ali, the Agha Khan and other Muslim leaders Lucknow pact: Khilafat movement Contribution of Maulana Muhammad Ali, Allama Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad All Jinnah for Muslim uplift and welfare.
Nehru report, Quaid-i-Azam’s Fourteen Points. Allama Iqbal’s Allahabad Address 1930, Round Table Conference. The Congress role in the provinces, Lahore Resolution 1940, various missions and plans for the partition of the sub-continent.
Quaid-i-Azam as an organizer of the Muslim League Muslim leader and maker of Pakistan.
PAKISTAN SINCE 1947
Constitution making in Pakistan-various attempts at constitution making. Difficulties in establishing a parliamentary democracy. imposition of various Martial Laws, nature of Pakistan’s economy. development plaits. Role of foreign aid.
Separation of East Pakistan, causes and effect: Pakistan and the world-major powers, Islamic world, relations with India.
Social and intellectual trends after 1947. Contribution of Quaid-i Azam as First Governor General and Liaquat All Khan as first Prime Minister.
British History (Total Marks-200)
British History – The history of the British Isles and of the British Emupire and Commonwealth.
Paper I (Marks- 100) From 1688 to 1850
Paper II (Marks – 100) From 1850 to the present day.
Note: Credit will be given in both the papers. not only for precise presentation of facts, but also for sound critical judgement.
EUROPEAN HISTORY (Total Marks – 200)
PAPER – I (1789 -1914) (Marks – 100)
1. French Revolution Background, Old Regime, Philosophers, Estate General. National Assembly, England’s Reaction, Panies in the Legislative Assembly, The fall of Monarchy, European coalition against France and the War, the second and the third partition of Poland, the Terror and the end of Terror. France and Europe 1793 – 95.
2. Napoleon Bonaparte
The rise of Napoleon to power. Napoleon as Emperor, statesman and warrior, Napoleon and Europe, the continental system, the fall of Napoleon, England’s role in the catastrophe of Napoleon.
3. Vienna Settlement and concept of Europe
Treaty of Chaumont, First treaty of Paris. Second treaty of Paris, Treaty of Vienna, Holy Alliance, Quadruple Alliance, Congress System and failure of congress system, British Leadership.
4. England 1814 to 1833
Effects of War period, constitutional development, progress in industry, Agriculture and Culture.
5. Europe 1815 to 1848
The forces of continuity and reaction. Metternich system, the force of change and progress, Nationalism, Democracy, Liberalism, Socialism. Revolution in France 1830, Revolution in France in 1848 and the sequence of revolutions in Europe.
6. The Eastern Question 1820 to 1878
Background, the Greek Revolt 120 to Independence 1832, the Crimean War 1853 to 1856 and Peace Treaty of Paris, Pan Slavisin, The Russo-Turkish War 1877, the treaty of San Stefano. The Congress and the treaty of Berlin 1878.
7. Risorginmento and the Union of Italy
Revolutionary movements in Italy, Mazzini, Cavour and other architects of Italian unification, Napoleon Ill and Italian Unity. Foreign Policy of Italy after unification to 1914
8. Unification of Germany
Background, Napoleon and Germany, Rise of Prussia, Zollverein, Revolution of 1848 and Germany, Rise of Bismark and his role as architect of German Unity, Wars with Denmark, Austria and France. Domestic and foreign policy of Bismark from 1870 to 1890. Foreign Policy of Germany from 1890 to 1914.
9. The growth of Colonisation and of Overseas Empire 1815 – 92
Different forms of colonisation, British Colonial policy and expansion, The French Colonial Policy and expansion, The French in North Africa, Suez Canal, Anglo French Control in Egypt, Russia in the Caucasus and Turkistan, Anglo-Russian Results of Colonial development.
10. England 1893 to 1910
Social and constitutional reforms, material progress, social thought and culture.
11. Road to the First World War
Alliances and counter alliances, Drickaiserbund, Austro German alliance 1879, Triple alliance 1882, The formation of Dualalliance 1891-93, Anglo-Japanese alliance, French British and Russo British Entente, their crises – Algeeiras, Bosnia, Agadir, German Navy, Baghdad Railway, Balkan crises, The cause of First World War
PAPER – II (1914 -1960) (Marks – 100)
1. First World War
Events – U.S.A’s entry into the War, Wilson’s 14 points, the choice of the Turks, War in the Middle East Britain’s Middle East Policy during the War, Balfour Declaration, Defeat of Germany, Austria and Turkey, effects of the War.
2. Peace Treaties
The Treaty of Versailles, The big four, The basis of the Treaty, The Treaty of Versailles and the U.S. The treaties of St. Germain and Trianon, The treaty of Serres, the Treaty of Lausanne.
3. The League of Nations
The Covenant, the League between the two Wars, causes of failure.
4. Marxism and the Soviet Union
The Russian Revolution 1917, Lenin. The Third International 1919, Civil War in Russia, Trotsky. The Constitution of the U.S.S.R. Stalin, First Five year Plan. Purges, The Russian foreign policy between the two Wars.
5. Italy and Fascism
Effects of the War on Italy. Mussolini’s rise to power, Fascist party and Principles, Italy’s foreign policy between the two Wars.
6. Germany and Nazism
Germany from the Versailles Treaty to Hitler, Origins of Nazism, Mein Kamph’, Hitler’s rise to power, Domestic Policy of Hitler, the Totalitarian State, Hitler’s foreign policy.
7. France between the two Wars
Defects of the French Constitution, collapse of the Third Republic. Foreign Policy of France between the Wars.
8. England between the two Wars
Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government, Cabinet Government in England. Depression of 1929 and England, Stability of British Common Wealth. Foreign Policy of England between the Wars.
9. The Second World War
Causes, the events, Atlantic Charter, Tehran. Yalta and Postdam conferences, the allied victory. effect of the war
10. The U.N.O.
Origin, the Charter of the U.N.O., U.N.O. as peace keeping force
11. The Political State of Europe 1945 – 50
The new Balance of Power in Europe, Russian domination of Eastern Europe, Decisions on Germany’s Future, Economic Collapse of Western Europe and recovery, Marshall Plan, Cold War, The Blockade of Berlin. N.A.T.O.
12. The Rise of Russia as a Great power
The effects of the War on Russia. the fruit of victory. Warsaw Pact. Russia’s efforts to spread its influence in Eastern Europe. Asia, Africa and Latin-America 1945 to 1960.
13. France after the Second World War
Fourth French Republic. French Colonial Policy after Second World War, Algeria. Indochina, De Gaule’s domestic and foreign policy.
14. England after the Second World War
The rise of Labour Party, Economic Policy of the Labour Party’s Government, England’s Colonial Policy after the Second World War, Decline of England as World Power, British Common Wealth. England and the Common Market. England and the Middle East 1945 to 1960.
15. Europe and Common Market
The origin and evolution of the European Common Market upto 1960.
History of the USA (Total Marks – 100)
Facts of political history from the early settlers to the present day. Questions will also be asked on economic and constitutional development of the USA.
Note: Credit will be given not only for precise presentation of facts but also for sound critical judgement.